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Olon Süme Memories
INOO Tentaro

The Discovery and History of Olon Süme
MATSUDA Koichi

The Artifacts from Olon Süme
HATAKEYAMA Tei

The Date of Construction of the Walled City “Olon Süme”
SHIRAISHI Noriyuki

Prof. Egami Namio and His Excavation in Olon Süme, Inner Mongolia
NAKAMI Tatsuo

Olon Süme is the site of a walled city located in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. In the period of the Mongolian empire and the Yuan dynasty (1206-1388) it was the stronghold of the Ongut known as Christians. In the period of Altan Khan (1507-1581) Buddhism prospered and many monasteries constructed. The manuscripts discovered here are important records of the Mongolian language during the period of the 16 th and 17 th centuries.

The collection of Yokohama Museum of EurAsian Cultures contains about 130 fragments of the Mongolian manuscripts from Olon Süme. The collection is formerly owned by Prof. Namio Egami who carried out archaeological surveys in Olon Süme in 1930th-1940th.

Yokohama Museum of EurAsian Cultures invited some specialists and started study of the Mongolian manuscripts from Olon Süme in 2004.

Olon Sume: Remains of Christendom in Inner Mongolia, 2003
Museum shop page

Special Thanks to: INOUE Osamu, KURIBAYASHI Hitoshi, MATSUKAWA Takashi, MIYAKE Shin’ichiro, NAKAMI Tatsuo, Orgil